Exercise and Parkinson`s Disease
What is Parkinson’s disease?
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disorder that affects the central nervous system, it is properly the most common movement disorder. This condition occurs when there is not enough dopamine a production of a chemical in the brain. Dopamine is a messenger in the brain that is responsible for producing smooth, coordinated muscle movements.
Parkinson`s Disease Symptoms:
- Stooped posture
- Bradykinesia (limited movement of the extremities)
- Poor motor control when rising form a chair
- Shuffled and stiff gait (walking pattern)
Exercise with Parkinson’s.
For people with Parkinson’s disease, exercise it is a vital component to maintaining balance, mobility and activities of daily living. Exercise and physical activity can improve many PD symptoms.
Exercise can benefit people with Parkinson’s in two ways:
Exercise reduces stiffness and improves mobility, posture, balance and gait.
Improved mobility decreases the risk of falling and other complications associated with Parkinson’s.
What type of exercise is good for Parkinson’s?
Exercises are dependent on the severity of PD as well as the symptoms the patients experiences. Exercises should focus on balance, proprioception, stretching, posture and gait retraining as well as improving activity of daily living.
Some activities that are recommended include: walking, swimming, cycling, yoga, tai chi, pilates and light resistance exercises for cardio respiratory fitness as well as assisting co-ordination, posture, gait and strength. Strength training helps build muscle mass which improves the ability to perform many daily activities.
Stretching assists with the stiffness experienced by PD patients and assists in improving mobility. Performing stretching routines lasting at least 15 minutes at a time.
Stretching should be done daily.
Holding stretches (remaining motionless) for 10 to 30 seconds and performing three to four repeating of each stretch
Breathing in and out during each stretch.
A biokineticist is a trained professional in this field and will assist the patient with the best exercise program for their specific needs.
Contact your biokineticist today to see how they can help you.Follow us